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reorganisation.ap.gov.in Telangana Bill - AP State Reorganization Bill 2014

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reorganisation.ap.gov.in Telangana Bill - AP State Reorganization Bill 2014

TELANGANA BILL

  • AP State Reorganisation Bill, 2014 or Telangana Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and is awaiting the ascent of President of India.
  • Telangana and residuary Andhra Pradesh or Seemandhra will be two States from the appointed day notified by the Central Government.
  • Preparatory work relating to personnel, finance and distribution of assets and liabilities is to be completed satisfactorily between the notified date and appointed date.
  • We can learn from the experience of and not repeat the mistakes done during division of 3 States in 2000 

Common Capital

  • GHMC area of Hyderabad would be the common capital for a period not more than 10 years 
  • All departments to list out offices under them and divide amongst the successor States 
  • Principle: HQs, which serve both the parts, would be divided 
    on population ratio - Andhra Pradesh: Telangana = 58.32 : 
    41.68 or 1:0.72 
  • Management and allocation would be done by Governor
  • R & B department to coordinate this activity 
Common Governor
  • Both States to have a common Governor 
    Responsible for law and order, internal security and security of vital installations 
  • Governor would be assisted by two advisors appointed by 
    the Central Government and can exercise independent 
    judgment in respect of subjects allotted 
  • Guidelines have to be obtained from MHA, GoI 
  • GAD to coordinate this activity
Police Forces
  • GoI would provide assistance to raise additional forces 
  • Greyhounds Training Center would be maintained and administered by GoI for three years 
  • New training center for residuary AP would be established 
  • New operational hubs in both States 
  • Greyhounds and OCTOPUS forces to be divided based on options of the personnel who would function under respective DGPs 
  • Home department to coordinate this activity
Reorganization of Legislatures

Andhra Pradesh
Telangana
Council of States 
11
7
House of People
25
17
Legislative Assembly
175
119
Legislative Council
50
40
SC and ST Orders

  • The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order stands amended as per the Fifth Schedule of the Act 
  • Social Welfare department to issue necessary  orders and executive  instructions 
  • The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order stands amended as per the Sixth  Schedule of the Act 
  • Tribal Welfare department to issue necessary orders and executive  instructions 
High Court
  • High court at Hyderabad would be common High Court till a separate High court is established for Andhra Pradesh 
  • The expenditure in respect of salaries and allowances of judges is to be allocated on the basis of population ratio – Finance department to take necessary action 
  • Advocates on the roll of the Bar Council can get his name enrolled on the roll of Telangana Bar Council by option 
Special Development Package 
  • The Central Government may make appropriate grants, provide adequate benefits and incentives in the form of special development package for the successor State of Andhra Pradesh 
  • Rayalaseema and north coastal regions are specifically identified for the development package 
  • Appropriate fiscal measures are proposed such as tax incentives to promote industrialization and economic growth in both States along the lines extended to some other States   
  • The measures to ensure expansion of physical and social infrastructure 
  • A special category status is announced by the Prime Minster for the successor State of Andhra Pradesh for a period of five years 
  • The above package will be on the lines of K-B-K (Koraput-Bolangir-Kalahandi) special plan in Odisha and Bundelkahand special package in MP / UP 
  • Planning department to study the packages and prepare proposals accordingly in the next two weeks 
Assets and Liabilities apportionment
  • Item – Treasury and bank balances, investments and credits in Schedule VII funds -69, public and floating debt, refund of excess taxes, pensions, PF 
  • Principle – Population ratio, location if the tax is on property or place of assessment for other taxes, geographical area for calamity relief fund, purpose and benefits in case of debt, pensions as per Schedule VIII 
  • Finance department to take up the appropriation exercise based on the principles in the Act  
  • Item – Land (all immovable properties), goods, stores 
  • Principle – location , if outside existing Andhra Pradesh then population, location - stores held for specific purpose ; Secretariat and HOD offices – population 
  • All departments to make an inventory of land, goods and stores  
  • Coordinating departments – Secretariat – GAD; all others – R & B ; requested to develop a common format, gather  and authenticate information and take up apportionment – review within two weeks  
  • Item – Investments in private, commercial and industrial undertakings, body corporate, State Undertakings, 89 companies of Schedule IX
  • Principle – If the object of the undertaking is confined to one area then location or else population
  • Principle – If the undertaking or part thereof is exclusively located in one area then it shall pass on to such an area irrespective of HQ location;
  • If inter –state, then operational units would be based on location and HQs would be based on population 
  • Transfer can be in physical form or any other mode mutually agreed 
  • All departments to take up this exercise – Industries and Commerce department would develop guidelines, formats and would co-ordinate this exercise – necessary experts may be hired – visits to the 3 states   
  • Item – Contracts Principle – If the purpose of the contract is for the exclusive purpose of either of the successor States then it would belong to that State  OR
  • Principle – the rights and liabilities are to be apportioned based on population or in any manner mutually agreed upon 
  • All departments to take up this exercise – Irrigation and CAD  department would develop guidelines, formats and would co-ordinate this exercise – necessary legal and contract experts may be hired – visits to the 3 states  to understand implementation issues  
Continuation of facilities in state institutions
  • Item – 107 centers and institutions listed in Schedule X
  • Principle – Depending on the location, the Government of that area has to make sure that these institutions continue to provide facilities to the people of other successor State 
  • The terms and conditions of such service have to be agreed between the successor States within one year of appointed date 
  • All departments to take up this exercise – Spl. CS (planning)   would develop guidelines, formats , agreements and would co-ordinate this exercise – necessary legal and contracts help may be taken  – visits to the 3 states  to understand implementation issues  
Services of employees
  • There would be two separate cadres of AIS (IAS, IPS and IFS) officers on and from the appointed day
  • The strength, composition and allocation would be determined by the Central Government 
  • DoPT has gathered certain information about AIS officers based on the Service Registers / Dossiers/ UPSC application forms 
  • An advisory committee would be appointed to draw up guidelines and take up the allocation exercise 
  • HRMS application has gathered information about all employees – 11,09,989 employee information is available
  • The employees of local, district, zonal and multi-zonal cadres which fall entirely in one of the successor States are deemed to be allotted to that State 
  • The State Cadre employees and multi-zonal employees who are overlapping between the successor States have to be allocated  
  • The employees would be allocated based on option  
  • An advisory committee would be appointed to draw up detailed guidelines and take up the allocation of posts and staff exercise   
  • Till allocation is done, employees continue in the same post 
  • Exercise to be coordinated by GAD 
Water Resources 
  • Two separate Boards would be created by the Central Government for Krishna and Godavari Rivers to look after administration,  regulation, maintenance and operation of notified projects within 60 days of appointed day 
  • Chairman and one expert would be nominated by GoI 
  • Each State has to  nominate one member 
  • Functions – regulation of supply of water, power, construction of on-going or new projects, appraisal and technical clearance of new projects 
  • Funding from successor States in proportion to benefit 
  • Irrigation department to study the working of similar boards which are in operation elsewhere in the country 
 Energy 
  • Of the total equity of Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), 49% would be with GoI and 51% would be with Telangana 
  • Units of APGENCO and assets of  APTRANSCO would be divided on location 
  • Existing PPAs would continue
  • APERC would be common for six  months within which period separate ERCs would be formed 
  • SLDC would be common for two years and would be under RLDC Bengaluru 
  • Central Generating Stations power would be allotted on actual energy consumption of the last five years 
  • Energy department to issue guidelines for making proviosns of Schedule XII of the act operational 
New Capital 
  • An expert committee is be constituted by GoI to study various alternatives for new capital and make a recommendation within six months 
  • Central Government would provide financial support for creation new capital 
  • If required,   degraded forest land would be de-notified 
  • Urban planning, transportation, finance experts need to study alternatives and furnish the information to the expert committee 
  • CGG would provide the necessary technical support 
Higher Education 
  • Admission to aided or unaided institutions of higher, technical and medical education would be common for ten years 
  • Quotas under article 371-D would also continue
  • Education and Health departments to issue necessary instructions 
Source : www.aponline.gov.in

Telangana or No-Telangana?

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A decision on Telangana or United Andhra is still pending and people from both the sects are protesting hard  so that their demands can be heard and some action taken. Though most of the political parties are throwing ball in each others court , the Central government is taking its own sweet time to take a decision on the matter which has paralyzed the whole state. A decision is now expected in a months time which is surely going to make lots of headlines and can be based upon the All party meeting and Sri Krishna Committee's report.

The committee was constituted by the Government of India in 3 February 2010 and submitted its report on 30 December 2010 to the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Committee's report suggested 6 options of which options 1 through 4 were advised to be not feasible. The Fifth option is to bifurcate the State into Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital and Seemandhra which is to have a new capital city. The Committee noted that "Separation is recommended only in case it is unavoidable and if this decision can be reached amicably amongst all the three regions."

The six options presented in the report were as follows:
  1. Maintaining Status Quo - Keeping the Andhra Pradesh State as it is with no change in the Telangana, Seemandhra and coastal regions.
  2. Bifurcating the state of Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telengana regions with both of them developing their own capitals in due course of time. Hyderabad to be converted to a Union Territory - This proposal was similar to the Punjab-Haryana-Chandigarh model.
  3. Dividing Andhra Pradesh into two states - One of Rayala-Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital and second one of the Coastal Andhra Pradesh
  4. Dividing Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory that will be linked geographically to district Guntur in coastal Andhra via Nalgonda district in the south­east and via Mahboobnagar district in the south to Kurnool district in Rayalaseema
  5. Bifurcation of the State into Telangana and Seemandhrâ as per existing boundaries with Hyderabad as the capital of Telangana and Seemandhra to have a new capital. This was the second most preferred option according to the report.
  6. Keeping the State united and providing for creation of a statutorily empowered Telangana Regional Council for socio­-economic development and political development of Telangana region. This was the most preferred option'

With Hyderabad being the bone of contention between both the states, the decision is long pending and thus the status-quo is maintained from the Central government. With both the sects wanting Hyderabad as its capital , a decision on this is extremely difficult and Option 6 or Option 2 of  Sri Krishna Committee looks in the offing. 

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